While armed, most galley warfare was accidental - with a couple of singular exceptions, they were very inefficient fighting machines. They were really designed to move troops (a bit like the land based light horse divisions).
|Santa Dorotea (Mediterranean, 1571)|
|Viper - (Lake Champlain Galley 1813)|
A French Xebec commissioned in 1750 by Minister Antoine-Louis de ROUILLE, Count of Jouy. Widely regarded as the high point of this style of Mediterranean raider (here shown becalmed with 10 oars (25%) extended for shore navigation.
The oars used to have pretty red blades. A cat took care of them.
I built most of these models a couple of years ago. I give all my wooden boats a spring clean each year by turfing out the spiders and putting them out in heavy rain (a simple treatment recommended by Harold Underhill in his superb book on plank on frame models - Glasgow 1960). Harold Underhill" sounds a little like some one out of a Tolkien book - and he shared a similar history to Tolkien going to the great war, although Harold was in a mounted regiment. The slim volumes he wrote are gems, worth reading alone for his reminiscences of his life, let alone the lost skills involved in ship building.
Images: In most cases above I started with a seascape duplicating long low waves, liquified the waves to create patches of still and disturbed water, cut in the galley adding reflections and sunlight, before finishing with fog.