Wednesday, 21 October 2015

Recipe Book: Catherine Victoria Edmonstone

I have transcribed Catherine Victoria Edmonstone's recipe books into book form, partly so those who knew her can access them, but also because they paint a picture of the kitchen of an inland settler (Dubbo on the banks of the Macquarie, in Central New South Wales) between the great wars.  




I spent a lot of time when very young with my great aunt, Catherine Victoria Edmonstone. 

Her seanathair (old father or grandfather) came from Ireland. A doctor, he disappeared in the Victorian goldfields after the Eureka stockade uprising.

She lived alone in a large cool house in the inland town of Dubbo, on the banks of the Macquarie River, far from the cities along the edges of Australia. On her dressing table, a single picture of a young soldier, killed in a gas attack, on the front lines in the Great War.

I have a picture of her holding the hand of her younger sister on her sister's wedding day, after the Great War. Unlike her sister, Catherine Victoria Edmonstone never married. Instead she was an explorer and insisted on others calling her "Vic". She bought herself strange and wonderful horses, buggies and then cars. She travelled to unimaginably far places, bringing back pieces of coral or petrified wood. Once she caught a steamer to New Zealand with her camera, and spent weeks there, getting to learn the language and partly cooking herself in medicinal mud.

She loved new technology, driving fast, climbing high, flying and pressure cookers. A short wave radio took pride of place in her sitting room. She would listen to stories on the radio, often with tears in her eyes. On special evenings she would project slides onto a blank wall and tell us stories of her travels.

She had lots of stories. She was the first to tell me about the little people, the dark aelfs. She thought that they lived in red mushrooms in the deep woods. She was sure that they collect vast stores of gold coins and travel the sky using rainbows. They bury their loot at the end of their rainbows. She loved rainbows and would chase them with great determination.

She also had lots of recipes. 

Her recipe book can be found HERE or be copying this link into your browser: https://goo.gl/eDYyia

Or you can just read on:





Catherine Victoria Edmonstone lived at a time when kitchens were physically separate from the main house. She cooked on a wood stove, which also heated hot water for the laundry and hygiene. I remember it as a wonderful place of magic smells and ginger biscuits, where she fought a desperate war against small ants and flying insects.

She spent a lot of time in the kitchen, and her recipe books were always close to hand. Next to them was her camera, and a handbook on Australian birds. She was spectacularly unsuccessful in taking pictures of birds in her garden. I remember stories of her close calls at a time when before a shot was taken a manual light reading was first required.



Most of the recipes seem to have been collected in the late 1920's. However, most of the recipes are themselves much older. Many of the recipes show signs of gradual refinement with years of experience. In particular, her Tomato Sauce, first mentioned in a collection of recipes dating from the mid 1920's (and attributed to her sister, Blanche) underwent a series of gradual changes which continued into the late 1960's.

The recipes were probably originally carefully grouped and organised by Vic. Time and frequent use has taken toll on her books; many of the recipes are now on individual pages.
I have taken the liberty of reorganising the recipes. However, I have not converted imperial measures into metric.

All the recipes I have included are in Vic's handwriting. It is a very recognisable style (particularly 'c' which is always carefully formed with a flourish and looks like an 'e'). She didn't waste any paper on extraneous detail (although she was very careful to attribute a recipe): indeed, in a couple of cases, the recipes consist of simple lists of ingredients.



All the early recipes were written for a wood-fired oven. Accordingly, they are all very resilient. I have tried some of the recipes, particularly the Tomato Sauces, with some success.


Put into a large saucepan
2 cups hot water
2 cups sugar (brown or white)
2 large tablespoons dripping
2 cups mixed fruit
1 tablespoon mixed peel

Allow to simmer 5 minutes.
Stand aside to cool. When lukewarm stir in the following which has been prepared in the flour sifter 4 cups flour, 1/2 teaspoons each of salt, cinnamon and nutmeg, 1 teaspoon carb soda
Put into well greased baking tray and cook about 3/4 hour in a moderate oven.
1 cup dripping
1 cup brown sugar
2 eggs
1 pinch salt
2 cups currants and sultanas
1 large cup milk
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 cup plain flour
2 cups self raising flour

Beat dripping and sugar, add eggs, then milk and flour with spices and salt sifted together. A cup of peel may be used. Cook for 1.25 hours in a moderate oven.
2 cups flour
1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
pinch of salt
3/4 cup sugar rubbed in 1/2 cup butter
1/2 cup currants and sultanas
1 cup dates lemon peel

Beat 2 eggs and a little milk. Turn on floured board and knead. Grease baking dish. Place brownie in dish, sprinkle with sugar or nutmeg on top and cook slowly.
1 tablespoon butter
1 tablespoon sugar
1 heaped cup self raIsIng flour
1 egg
Raspberry jam

Cream butter and sugar. Add well beaten egg. Add flour making into a stiff dough. Roll oblong shape and spread with jam.
Roll up and cut into slices with sharp knife.
2 heaped tablespoons
butter
1/2 cup sugar
2 eggs
2 cups flour
1 teaspoon C of S?
1 teaspoon soda

Cream. Cook in moderate oven
1 lb flour
1/4 lb butter
1/4 lb sugar
1/2 lb treacle
2 or 3 teaspoons ginger
1 level teaspoon potash dissolved
2 tablespoons boiling water

Rub butter and ginger with flour.
Dissolve sugar and treacle and add potash and boiling water.

5 heaped tablespoons flour
1 heaped tablespoon icing sugar
1 tablespoon butter

Mix one egg with enough milk to make a paste

For the cream
1 tablespoon butter
3 tablespoons sugar

Beat to a cream and add 2 tablespoons milk one at a time with vanilla and colour with cochineal
1/4 lb butter
1 cup self raising flour
1/2 cup dates
1 cup sugar
1/4 cup of chopped walnuts
1 egg

Cream butter and sugar, add beaten egg, then flour, walnuts and dates.
Roll pieces the size of a walnut in flaked cereal.
Bake for 18 to 20 minutes.
1/4 lb butter
1/2 cup sugar
1 tablespoon Coffee Ess
1/2 lb SR Flour
1 egg well beaten

Cream. Cook in moderate oven

Filling for Indian Coffee Creams

1 cup icing sugar
1 dessertspoon butter
a little hot water and coffee essence

4 cups flour
2 cups sugar
1/2 cup butter
1 cup coconut
2 eggs

Cream butter and sugar.
Add eggs, flour and coconuts.
Cook In moderate oven.
1/4 cup butter
1/2 cup sugar
1 egg
2 tablespoons milk
1 1/2 cups SR flour
1 cup chopped dates

Cream butter and add egg, then milk gradually.
Then sifted flour and dates.  
Place dessertspoon on greased tray.
Sprinkle with sugar and bake in a hot oven 12 to 15 minutes.
1/2 lb butter
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 cup flour
1 teaspoon butter in 1/4 cup
boiling water
1 cup sugar
3 eggs
2 tablespoons cornflour

Mix butter and sugar.
Add eggs one at a time, the flour and lastly boiling water.

3 eggs
3 tablespoons plain flour
1 large cup milk
3 teaspoons butter
pinch salt

Separate yolks from whites.
Beat yolks with dessertspoon cold water.
Slightly warm milk and butter.
Add flour to egg yolks a tablespoon at a time and between each tablespoon add some of the
warmed milk and butter.
When all is added, stand aside till wanted.
This can stand all day if one likes to get it ready in the morning.
Just before cooking add the well beaten egg whites.
1 1/2 cup flour rubbed in 1/2
cup butter
add 3/4 cup sugar
1/2 scant cub bran
1 teaspoon cream of tartar
add 1 beaten egg
and lastly 1 teaspoon soda dissolved in 1/4 cup milk.

Roll out thinly and cut.
Bake moderate oven 10-15 minutes.
1 tablespoon butter
1 tablespoon sugar
yolk of 3 eggs
1 cup SR flour

Mix together and press in dish - not too thick.
Whip whites of 3 eggs and add 2 dessertspoons of sugar and 2 dessertspoons of coconut.
Spread with raspberry jam and pour whites of eggs, sugar and coconut on top and bake nice and brown.

2 cups rolled oats
1/2 cup sugar
3/4 cup flour
1/2 cup butter
1 dessertspoon treacle
1 teaspoon bicarb of soda

Mix rolled oats, flour and sugar, and butter and treacle (melted).
Add 1 teaspoon bicarb of soda, dissolved in 2 tablespoons boiling water.
Bake slow oven for 1/2 hour.

4 ozs butter
1/2 cup sugar
1 1/2 cup SR flour
1 egg
pinch of salt
raspberry or apricot jam

Topping
1 egg
1/2 cup sugar
1 1/2 coconut

Soften butter a little, cream with sugar, add egg and beat again.
Sift in flour till all is absorbed.
Spread on a greased lamington tin, spread with jam.
To make topping, beat egg, add sugar gradually.
Add coconut and spread on jam.
Bake in moderate oven for about 20-30 minutes.
Cut in fingers and cool in tin.




1 lb butter
1/2 lb brown sugar
1/2 lb caster sugar
9 eggs
1.5 cups whisky, sherry or milk
1 1/4 lb flour
1 level teaspoons soda
1 teaspoon treacle
2 teaspoons mixed spice
OR 1 teaspoon nutmeg and
1 teaspoon spice and ginger
2 lbs raisins
1 lb sultanas
1/2 lb currants
1/2 lb cherries
1/2 lb mixed peel
1/2 lb almonds
4 oz dates
4 oz figs
Caramel colouring is desired.

Cream butter and Sugar.
Add eggs one at a time.
Add whisky/sherry and half prepared fruit, soda. and spice.
Then add remainder or fruit and flour.
Darken with caramel.
Put in well greased and papered tins, hollow centre of moisture and cook in a very slow oven.

Using 12' tin bake 5.5 hrs
2 * 8" tins bake 3.5 hrs
4 * 5" tins bake 2.25 hrs
1 lb butter
1 teaspoon BP
1 lb currants
1/4 lb lemon peel
1/4 lb dates
2 oz cherries
1 doz eggs
1 lb sugar
1 1/4 lbs flour
1 lb sultanas
1/4 mixed nuts
1/2 lb chopped muscatels (?)
1 tablespoon vanilla

Beat butter and sugar, add eggs well beaten then flour and BP vanilla and lastly fruit.
Line cake tin with well greased paper and bake in slow oven 5 hrs.
Prepare all fruit day before.
3 tablespoons suet butter
1 cup plain floor
1/2 cup sugar
1 tablespoon jam
1 cup dates
1 tablespoon spice
1 small cup of milk
1 tablespoon carb soda

Mix butter into flour and sugar.
Add dates and spice then jam.
Moisten with milk.
Heat well.
Boil 2.5 - 3 hours.
1/4 lb butter
1/4 lb sugar
2 eggs
1 tablespoon coffee essence
5 ozs flour
1 small teaspoon caking powder

Mix

1 tablespoon coffee essence
2 tablespoons milk
6 oz flour
1/4 lb butter
1/41b sugar
2 eggs
1 small teaspoon caking
powder

Mix
1 cup butter
1 1/2 cup sugar
1 cup milk
3 cups flour
2 teaspoons cream of tartar with flour
1 teaspoon soda dissolved in milk
4 eggs
2 tablespoons seeds
1/4 lb self raising flour
1/4 lb butter
1/4 lb sugar
3 eggs

Cream butter.
Add flour and beat 10 minutes.
Beat yokes and sugar for 10 minutes.
Add to flour and butter.
Fold in beaten whites.
Bake 35 minutes.

1 1/2 cups flour
3/4 cups sugar
10 ozs butter
1 orange
3 eggs

Beat sugar and butter to cream.
Add 2 eggs one at a time. beat well.
Then add half flour, heating well all the time.
Add grated rind of orange and half the juice then put in remainder of flour and add the third egg.
Bake 1 hour or longer in moderate oven.

Icing for Orange Cake
6 oz icing sugar
1 remainder of Orange
Chocolate Cake (Jean)
3 eggs
1/4 cup sugar
1 cup flour
1 teaspoon soda
3 teaspoons cocoa
3/4 cups boiling water
1 ozs butter
1 teaspoon cream of tartar

Whip eggs well.
Add sugar then flour.
Put butter and cocoa in pan.
Add boiling water then soda and add to cake last.
Put cream or tartar in flour.
Cook 1/4 hour in fairly hot oven.
4 cups flour
3 cups sugar
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons cream of tartar
6 eggs
1 cup melted butter
2 cups milk

Mix dry ingredients, beat eggs.
Slightly mix milk, butter last.
1 cup whipping cream
2 eggs beaten until think and lemon coloured
1 cup sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 1/2 cups sifted cake flour
1/4 teaspoon salt
2 teaspoons baking powder

Whip cream until it holds shape.
Add eggs and whip until light as foam.
Add sugar and beat again.
Add vanilla.
Sift flour, salt and baking powder together 3 times and add to egg mixture.
Bake in greased layer cake pans in moderate oven for 20 to 30 minutes.
Make 2 (8") layers.
Cool and spread seven minute icing or whipped cream icing.
2 ozs butter
3/4 cup sugar
1 egg
1 tablespoon golden syrup
1 dessertspoon cocoa

1 1/2 cups SR flour
1/2 cup milk
1/4 teaspoon bicarb of soda dissolved in dessertspoon boiling water
Beat butter and sugar, lastly soda.
1/2 lb sultanas
6 eggs
1/2 lb raisins
2 oz almonds
1/2 lbs sugar
10 ozs flour
1/2 lb currants
2 ozs dates or figs
1/4 Ib peel
gill brandy
1/2 lb butter
1 teaspoon caramel.
2 tablespoons butter
1 1/2 cups SR flour
1 small cup sugar
3 tablespoons cocoa
2 eggs
1/2 cup milk
2 tablespoons butter
1 small cup sugar
a level cup flour
1/4 lb walnuts
1 tablespoon cocoa
4 eggs
a teaspoon baking powder
vanilla

Beat butter and sugar, add eggs 1 at a time and beat till it looks light.
Sift in flour and add cocoa and walnuts.
If too stiff add a little milk, beat thoroughly for 5 minutes then add 1 teaspoon baking powder and also vanilla.
Bake 15 minutes.
6 ozs flour
4 ozs potatoes
2 teaspoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
4 ozs margarine
6 ozs sugar
1 1/2 ozs cocoa
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 tablespoons water

Cream butter and sugar, add sieved mashed potatoes, sift in flour, salt, baking powder, salt and cocoa and sufficient water to mix to still paste.
Put into buttered and floured tin.
Bake in cool oven for 2 hours.
Let shrink a minute.
Cold fill with jam or cream.



2 cups flour
1/2 lb butter
1/2 pint milk
12 ozs sugar
6 eggs
2 teaspoons baking powder

Beat butter and sugar to a light cream.
Add eggs one at a time and beat well then add milk and flour and baking powder before mixing in the milk.
Now divide the mixture into three parts leaving one yellow and one pink and the other the add two large teaspoons of cocoa dissolved in about two tablespoons of boiling water.
To this last mixture add a level dessertspoon of flour flavoured with vanilla and bake from 15-
20 minutes.
1 cup sugar
1 bit less than 1/2 lb margarine
about 1 lb mixed fruit
1 cup water

Boil up for about 3 minutes.
When cool or cold add 1 cup SR flour and 1 cup plain flour and 2 well beaten eggs and spice or nutmeg or sherry or anything you like and cook on low gas for about 1 1/2 hours.

2 cups self raising flour
1 cup chopped nuts
1 cup sugar
1 egg

Soak nuts in milk 1 hour.
Add sugar and egg well beaten.
Add flour last. Cook in moderate oven
4 cups flour
2 eggs
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 cup sugar
3 teaspoons baking powder
1 cup dates/nuts
2 large tablespoons butter
1 1/2 cups milk

Sift flour, baking powder and salt together.
Mix butter into flour.
Add dates/nuts and sugar.
Mix with eggs beaten in the milk.
Bake in moderate oven for .5 hour.
1 lb dates sprinkled with 1 teaspoon soda.

Dissolve 1 tablespoon butter in 1 cup boiling water, mix with dates.
Add 1 cup sugar, 1 beaten egg, 2 cups flour and 2 teaspoons baking powder.

1 egg
1 tablespoon butter
1 cup sugar
2 1/2 cups flour
1 teaspoon cinnamon
2 1/2 teaspoons baking
powder
1 cup milk
salt

Cream butter and sugar, add egg, milk, flour etc.
Bake in tins for 1/2 hour.




1 cup sugar
1 tablespoon butter
2 tablespoons flour
juice and grated rind of a
lemon
1 cup milk
2 eggs

Cream butter and sugar.
Add flour, lemon juice and rind, then milk and well beaten yolks of the eggs and beat all together well.
Beat the whites stiffly, fold into the mixture, pour into a pie dish and set it in a dish of water in the oven and bake slowly for about 1 hour.
2 cups water
1 cup sugar
2 oranges
1 1/2 teaspoons cornflour
white of 1 egg

Boil water and sugar together.
Mix cornflour to a paste with juice of orange and add to sugar and water.
Cook for about 8 minutes and when cool add stiffly-beaten egg white.
Serve with cream or custard.




3 eggs
1 cup flour
1 dessertspoon butter
1/2 cup sugar
1 teaspoon baking powder
4 tablespoons boiling water
vanilla essence

Beat eggs and sugar for 20 minutes, add flour, baking powder.
Dissolve butter in boiling water, vanilla.
Bake from 15 to 20 minutes.
3 tablespoons butter
3 eggs
1 cup flour
3/4 cup sugar
1 heaped teaspoon cocoa
1 teaspoon baking powder
a little milk

Beat butter and sugar, add milk, walnuts, flour and baking powder.
Bake 15 minutes.
1/4 lb butter
2 eggs
1 tablespoon cocoa
1/2 teaspoons vanilla
1 cup sugar
1/2 lb self raising flour
4 teaspoons milk

salt

Cream butter and sugar, add eggs one by one, then sifted flour and cocoa.
Add milk.
Bake 15 minutes.
2 tablespoons butter
1 tablespoon boiling water
1 teaspoon ginger
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon spice
1 teaspoon soda
1/2 cup sugar
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 cup milk
1/2 cup syrup
1 1/2 cups flour
2 eggs

Cream butter and sugar, add eggs one by one and beat well.
Then add syrup dissolved in milk, flour, dry ingredients, then soda dissolved in boiling water.
Cook for 20 minutes in a moderate oven.




1 cup breadcrumbs
1 cup milk
2 lemons
4 tablespoons sugar
2 eggs

Warm the milk and pour breadcrumbs in a pie dish.
Allow to soak for a few minutes.
Add grated lemon rind and juice of lemons, . sugar and yolks of eggs.
Mix together then add the stiffly beaten whites and bake in a dish of water until lightly set.
Serve with custard.
It is a delicious summer sweet when chilled.
2 cups brown sugar
4 tablespoons milk
2 tablespoons butter

Do not stir after butter has melted.
Boil exactly for 7 minutes.
Beat till creamy and add vanilla to taste.
1/4 cup cocoa
1 cup sugar
1/2 cup water
pinch of salt

Mix then boil 5 mins.
When cool add a teaspoon vanilla (or more).
If to be used hot on ice cream add 1/2 teaspoon butter.
Place in a covered jar or a container - this mixture will keep for weeks in an ice chest.

6 tablespoons self raising flour
2 tablespoons icing sugar
1 tablespoon butter or margarine
1 egg
pinch salt

Mix dry ingredients and mix butter with them.
Roll thin.
1 tablespoon butter
3 tablespoons self raising flour
1 egg (well beaten)
.25 cup milk

Pour over fruit
4 eggs
1 cup sugar
1/4 cup corn flour and fill rest of cup up with flour
1 cream of tartar
1/2 teaspoons soda
1 dessertspoon butter dissolved in 3/4 cup boiling milk.

Beat 1/4 hour.
Add flour etc.
2 tablespoons butter
6 tablespoons icing sugar
2 tablespoons condensed milk
1 tablespoon rum or sherry

Beat all together

1 cup icing sugar
1 tablespoon butter
white of 1 egg

Beat butter and sugar to a cream.
White of egg well beaten then beat altogether.





12 large tomatoes 4.5 lbs
4 large onions 1 lb
3 cups sugar
level tablespoons turmeric, mustard and curry powder, cayenne
1 handful salt
3 tablespoons flour
1 lb dates, sultanas or raisins (sultanas best)

Cover with vinegar and boil until cooked. Mix.
1 lb steak
2 tablespoons anchovy sauce
1/4 lb butter
1 teaspoon black pepper
2 teaspoons salt
1/4 teaspoons cayenne pepper
1/2 teaspoons mace
1/2 teaspoons nutmeg

Steam 6 hours
20 lbs green tomatoes
2 lbs onions
2 cups garlic
1/2 cup pepper corns
1/2 cup whole spice
1/2 cup cloves
and a little mace  
about 1/2 teaspoon cayenne

Boil together for 2 hours.
Strain and add 2 lbs sugar, 1/2 lb salt, 2 pts vinegar
Boil for 1 hour.
3 lbs green tomatoes
4 large onions
3 cups sugar
1 teaspoon cayenne
1 tablespoon each of mustard, turmeric, curry powder
4 tablespoons flour
1 handful salt
1 lb dates, raisins or sultanas.

Cover with vinegar and boil till well cooked.
Thicken with powders and flour mixed with vinegar and cook a little longer.
3 lbs cauliflower
2 lbs onions (or other vegetables)
2 tablespoons mustard

and
2 qts vinegar
3/4 cup flour
3 cups sugar
1 tablespoon turmeric
or
6 cups vinegar and 2 water
4 cups sugar
1 tablespoon mustard
1 tablespoon turmeric
1 tablespoon curry powder

Leave in brine overnight (4 qts water Ipt salt).
Bring to boil and strain (boil 5 minutes).
Cover with vinegar, cook and thicken with powders.

(This recipe, is repeated. with variations in a number of places.
A variation of the recipe, in her sister's handwriting, suggests that slightly more
flour and less mustard should be used and that the sugar should be added at the very end of the process. It also notes that tomatoes can be substituted for cauliflowers. Another version recommends adding beans, cumber (cucumber?), red and green capsicums to the mix.)
12 lb tomato (red make best colour)
1 lb onion
2 oz garlic sliced
3 teaspoons cloves
3 teaspoons peppercorns
2 . teaspoons whole spice (pimento)

Boil all for about 1.5 hours.
After boiling it needs stirring!
Strain through colander.
Put into pan with:

1 1/4 lb sugar
3 oz salt
14 oz vinegar
1 teaspoon mace

and a small amount of cayenne pepper (a pinch on end of teaspoon)
Boil all again about 1 1/4 to 11/2 hours.

(This is Aunty Vie's best guarded recipe. Take care not to neglect the mace and cayenne which were her secret ingredients. Today you might be tempted to reduce the salt and add a handful of small dried red chillies and a clove of fresh ginger to turn the base into a pleasantly warm chilli sauce.
Substituting green for red tomatoes gives you a sweet sauce.
Substituting plums for the tomatoes makes a warm rich sauce.)
1 egg
3 tablespoons sugar
1 heaped tablespoons flour
1/4 teaspoons cayenne pepper
1 teaspoon mustard
1 teaspoons salt
1 1/2 cups milk
1/2 cup vinegar
1 dessertspoon butter

Mix egg, sugar, flour, mustard, butter, cayenne pepper and salt then add milk then vinegar.
Put on fire and stir till thickened but do not boil.
4 teaspoons salt
4 teaspoons mustard
1/4 teaspoons sugar
1/2 pint thin cream or milk
2 eggs
2 oz butter
1/2 pint vinegar or lemon juice

Mix salt,mustard and sugar together.
Add cream and beaten eggs.
Cook like custard sauce (in jar placed in boiling water stirring all the time).
When custard thickens, add butter.
Cool and when lukewarm stir vinegar in gradually.
Bottle for use.





The recipes were kept in a series of books and loose pages
which are now yellowed with use and age or stained with oil.

The first book is a Walker's "Thumb Index" Book. Over the
years, many of the interior pages have come loose as the spine
has fallen apart. The front cover is entitled "Recipe Index".
There are some indecipherable marks on the cover. On the
converse of the front cover is the single entry "B Bootle
25.12.28". On the first page are the following entries:

Mrs VRG BootIe
'Carinya'
Narromine

L Robertson
C.

23 462936
Sept

21st 34

On the converse of the back but one page are the following
entries:

Mary Bootle } In pen

St Chatherines' }

Miss Mary Bootle
Mrs Jean Bootle

Mr William BootIe
Mr Robert BootIe
Mrs Beth Quinton
Mrs Dora McKinnon

The later entries are in pencil.

The second book is in far better condition. It is in fairly good
condition having retained all of its pages. It is a "Shell"
exercise book ('for use in all schools'). The front page is
entitled J Bootle, Recipes. On the back page are a series of
arithmetic tables including sterling money tables, troy,
apothecaries', avoirdupois, and hay and straw weights.
Measures are given for lineal, cloth,' cubic, imperial heaped,
imperial dry and square measure (a copy of this page is
included for general reference). On the converse of the front
cover is the single entry "Rich Fruit Cake C.V.E. Page 6". On
the converse of the back cover is the
entry:

Great Heart
The Smuggler
Red
Unpainted

This book is organised into a number of different sections:

Biscuits
Cakes
Chutney and Sauces
Puddings

Clippings from newspapers and magazines

There is a loose coupon inside (worth 2 coupons) which
promises that presentation of sixty coupons to the Sydney
Flour Company (1 Glebe Road, GLEBE) will result in a
Handsome Gift.

The remainder of the material is contained on a number of
pages of different sizes. Some come obviously from the one
book. Others are copied onto envelopes, waxed paper and
'writing pads.




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